March 27, 1807: Birth of James P. Kirkwood who authored the classic book Report on the Filtration of River Waters, which was the first book in any language to focus on the filtration of municipal water supplies. The book summarized his investigation covering 1865-69 where he described the filters and filter galleries he visited in 19 European water works. On this same date in 1865 (his 58th birthday), Kirkwood was appointed Chief Engineer by the Board of Water Commissioners for the City of St. Louis, MO.
“James Pugh Kirkwood (27 March 1807 – 22 April 1877) was a 19th-century American civil engineer. He was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on 27 March 1807. He worked for the Long Island Rail Road, and gained notice in 1848 for his construction of the Starrucca Viaduct near Lanesboro, Pennsylvania, considered to be the most expensive railroad bridge at the time, as well as the largest stone viaduct, and for its first use of concrete in American bridge construction.
He arrived in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1850 as chief engineer of the Pacific Railroad, and was responsible for the construction of the road from St. Louis to Pacific, Missouri. The towns of Kirkwood, Missouri, and Kirkwood, New York, are named after him. In 1865 he was appointed Chief Engineer of St. Louis, Missouri, in charge of the design of a state-of-the-art waterworks. He served in that capacity until 1867, when he was replaced by Thomas Jefferson Whitman, brother of Walt Whitman.
In 1867 he moved back to New York and served as President of the American Society of Civil Engineers from 1867 to 1868.”