September 28, 1891: Bromine Patent; 1895: Louis Pasteur dies; 1988: Love Canal

Herbert H. Dow

Herbert H. Dow

September 28, 1891: “In 1890, Herbert H. Dow, former college chemistry student at Case School of Applied Science (Cleveland, OH), established Midland Chemical Company in Midland, MI; January 4, 1891 – produced bromine from Midland, Michigan’s rich brine resources (main component of patent medicines at that time) by electrolysis; led to an increasing stream of chemicals from brines; September 28, 1891 – received a patent for a “Process of Extracting Bromine from Natural Brine or Bitter Waters”; “blowing-out” process to liberate bromine from brine; became world’s most efficient bromine manufacturer through application of electrochemistry.”

Commentary: This process marked the beginning of the Dow Chemical Company. The company was formed on May 18, 1897.

0928 Louis_Pasteur_by_Pierre_Lamy_PetitSeptember 28, 1895Louis Pasteur died. Pasteur was a French chemist and self-taught microbiologist who was one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. His discoveries reduced mortality from puerperal (or childbed) fever, and he created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His experiments and writings were responsible for the definition of the germ theory of disease. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to stop milk and wine from causing sickness, a process that came to be called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of microbiology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch.

Drums of Toxic Waste

Drums of Toxic Waste

September 28, 1988New York Times headline–The Long History of a Toxic-Waste Nightmare, Love Canal. 1894 – William T. Love begins building a ”model industrial city” along a canal linking the Niagara River with Lake Ontario. The invention of the alternating-current motor makes it unnecessary for industry to be near water power, and the project is dropped.

1947 – The Hooker Chemicals and Plastics Corporation takes over the 15-acre canal site for use as a dump. By 1952, 21,800 tons of toxic chemicals in metal drums are buried.

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