March 14, 1939: Hand-painted MWDSC Flag; 1896: Official Opening of Sutro Baths, San Francisco

March 14, 1939: Hand-painted Metropolitan Water District of Southern California Flag. Recently the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California received a one-of-a-kind flag.  A conscientious California resident, Nan Wojcik, inherited this treasure when her mother died.  Now wanting to place it with its original agency, Ms. Wojcik called Metropolitan’s Board Secretary, Rosa Castro who passed it along to Metropolitan’s Archivist, David Keller.

The flag was promptly sent to David after a phone conversation and some correspondence. Ms. Wojcik explained that her father, Forest Emerson Wreede, worked as an electrician for the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, but referred Metropolitan’s archivist along to her sister, Susan Paff for further details.

Ms. Paff clarified that her father worked for more than 35 years for LADWP as a line repair person or transformer electrician, beginning prior to WWII.  She also noted that her father worked as an electrician in the 1930s for several years around Boulder Dam, possibly at the company town of Boulder City.  Her best guess for how the flag came into the family’s possession is that someone gave it to her father during this Boulder Dam period.  Metropolitan welcomes such historical donations and is now in the process of further researching its provenance and where the flag will be placed.

Source:  MWDSC email, February 21, 2018.

March 14, 1896: On March 14, 1896, the Sutro Baths were opened to the public as the world’s largest indoor swimming pool establishment. The baths were built on the western side of San Francisco by wealthy entrepreneur and former mayor of San Francisco (1894–1896) Adolph Sutro. The structure filled a small beach inlet below the Cliff House, also owned by Adolph Sutro at the time. Both the Cliff House and the former baths site are now a part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, operated by the United States National Park Service. The baths struggled for years, mostly due to the very high operating and maintenance costs. Shortly after closing, a fire in 1966 destroyed the building while it was in the process of being demolished. All that remains of the site are concrete walls, blocked off stairs and passageways, and a tunnel with a deep crevice in the middle. The cause of the fire was arson. Shortly afterwards, the developer left San Francisco and claimed insurance money.

The following statistics are from a 1912 article written by J. E. Van Hoosear of Pacific Gas and Electric. Materials used in the vast structure included 100,000 sq ft (9,300 m2) of glass, 600 tons of iron, 3,500,000 board feet (8,300 m3) of lumber, and 10,000 cu yd (7,600 m3) of concrete.

The baths were once serviced by a rail line, the Ferries and Cliff House Railroad, which ran along the cliffs of Lands End overlooking the Golden Gate. The route ran from the baths to a terminal at California Street and Central Avenue (now Presidio Avenue).

During high tides, water would flow directly into the pools from the nearby ocean, recycling the two million US gallons (7,600 m³) of water in about an hour. During low tides, a powerful turbine water pump, built inside a cave at sea level, could be switched on from a control room and could fill the tanks at a rate of 6,000 US gallons a minute (380 L/s), recycling all the water in five hours.

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